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Features of Magnesia Carbon Brick

2020-02-20 13:36:59

There are two methods of making magnesium carbon bricks: burning oil-impregnated magnesium carbon bricks non-burning magnesium carbon bricks. The former brick making process is relatively complicated is rarely used. Here, only the characteristics of the brick making process of non-fired magnesia carbon brick are briefly described here. Magnesia carbon brick

Preparation of mud. The choice of the critical size of the particles during breeding is important. Refinement of aggregate particles can reduce the porosity of the opening enhance the antioxidant capacity. However, the small aggregate particles will increase the closed stomata decrease the bulk density. In addition, the fine-grained MgO aggregate easily reacts with graphite, it is generally considered that the particle size is preferably 1 mm. In the presence of high-pressure forming equipment, the particles of magnesia tend to be finer. The pressure of China's molding equipment is low. In order to increase the density of refractory bricks, many manufacturers use particle diameters of more than 5mm.

The quality quantity of graphite added to the ingredients is crucial. Generally speaking, increasing the graphite content in refractory bricks will improve the slag resistance thermal shock stability of the refractory bricks, but the strength oxidation resistance will decrease. If the carbon content in the magnesium carbon bricks is too small (<10%), If the network skeleton cannot be formed in the refractory bricks, the advantages of carbon cannot be exerted effectively. Therefore, the carbon content is more suitable in the range of 10-20%.

In the process of mixing, in order to uniformly surround the graphite around the magnesia particles, the feeding order should be: magnesia particles → binding agent → graphite → magnesia fine powder additive powder. Because the graphite content is large, the density is small, the dosage is very small, it takes a long time to mix uniformly. However, if the mixing time is too long, the graphite fine powder around the magnesite particles will fall off, so the mixing time should be appropriate.

The molding of magnesia-carbon brick is an important factor to densify the structure of refractory bricks: due to the large amount of graphite in the mud the small critical grains of the aggregate, it is appropriate to use high-pressure molding strictly follow the operation of light first then heavy, multiple pressures Procedures are pressed to avoid forming cracks. Use vacuum, exhaust pressurize the operating procedures. In addition, the surface of the high-pressure formed brick is very smooth, it is easy to slide during transportation building. Therefore, the formed brick must be impregnated coated with a 0.1 to 2 mm thick thermosetting resin to form a resin film to prevent sliding. This treatment is generally referred to as a non-slip treatment.

The formed Mg-C brick must be hardened before it can be used. The temperature of the hardened treatment has a great influence on the performance of the refractory brick. It has been proved by research that the hardening treatment at 200-250 ° C is more suitable for ensuring the bulk density of the bricks reducing the porosity, etc. There are women's places. Above 250 ° C below 200 ° C, the hardening treatment will bring adverse effects. It is necessary to strictly lift the air. Usually at 50-60 ° C, due to the softening of the resin, it should be properly insulated; at 100-110 ° C, due to the large amount of solvent discharged, it should be insulated; at 200-250 ° C, it should also be properly insulated to complete the reaction.



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